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And Nero will be tainted with remorse,
To hear and see her plaints, her brinish tears.
Ay, but she's come to beg; Warwick, to give;
She on his left side craving aid for Henry,
He on his right asking a wife for Edward.
She weeps, and says her Henry is deposed;
He smiles, and says his Edward is install'd;
That she, poor wretch, for grief can speak no more:
Whiles Warwick tells his title, smooths the wrong,
Inferreth arguments of mighty strength,
And in conclusion wins the king from her,
With promise of his sister, and what else,

40

45

50

To strengthen and support King Edward's place.

O Margaret! thus 'twill be; and thou, poor soul,
Art then forsaken, as thou went'st forlorn.

Second Keep. Say, what art thou that talk'st of kings and

queens?

K. Hen. More than I seem, and less than I was born to:
A man at least, for less I should not be;
And men may talk of kings, and why not I?
Second Keep. Ay, but thou talk'st as if thou wert a king.
K. Hen. Why, so I am, in mind; and that's enough.

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23. He laughes
on .. Henry Q.

58. Say, what

55

60

He smiles . . . install'd] 20instalde, she weepes He on his right hand .

47-54. That she

and less. A man

What. for lesse I should not be. not I? Q. 59, 60. Ay, but mind though not in shew Q.

40. tainted with remorse] improperly touched with pity. See "tainted with such shame " (Part I. IV. v. 46), and "tainted with a thousand vices" (ibid. v. iv. 45). And "taint with love" (ibid. v. iii. 183) means impure love. Always the term has the sense of a blemish. Pity would be a blemish in such a conception as Nero's character. He is a type with Shakespeare. See "You bloody Neroes" (King John, v. II. 152, and above, Part I. 1. iv. 95). The view of Margaret here is to be remembered. Shakespeare is not nearly done with her in this play.

41. brinish tears] salt tears. See "brinish bowels" (of the surge) (Titus Andronicus, III. i. 97). And Lucrece, 1213; Lover's Complaint, 284. Shakespeare has not "briny." See Introduction to Part I., on adjectives. And

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this other He wan my love, this other conquered me "(Spanish Tragedie, 1. 11. 162-165 (Boas)).

49. Inferreth arguments of mighty strength] See "Inferring arguments of mighty force" (above, II. ii. 44).

57. less I should not be] Kyd has a similar line in The Spanish Tragedy, 1. iv. 40: "Yet this I did, and lesse I could not doe: I saw him honoured with due funerall."

60. in mind] Malone fancied an

Second Keep. But if thou be a king, where is thy crown?

K. Hen. My crown is in my heart, not on my head;
Not deck'd with diamonds and Indian stones,
Nor to be seen: my crown is call'd content;
A crown it is that seldom kings enjoy.

Second Keep. Well, if you be a king crown'd with content,
Your crown content and you must be contented

To go along with us; for, as we think,

You are the king King Edward hath deposed;
And we his subjects, sworn in all allegiance,
Will apprehend you as his enemy.

K. Hen. But did you never swear, and break an oath?

Second Keep. No, never such an oath; nor will not now.

65

70

K. Hen. Where did you dwell when I was king of England?
Second Keep. Here in this country, where we now remain. 75
K. Hen. I was anointed king at nine months old;

My father and my grandfather were kings,
And you were sworn true subjects unto me:
And tell me then, have you not broke your oaths?
First Keep. No;

For we were subjects but while you were king.
K. Hen. Why am I dead? do I not breathe a man?
Ah! simple men, you know not what you swear.
Look! as I blow this feather from my face,

61, 62. But if

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my head] 30, 31. And if

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my head Q.

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63, 64.

Not deck'd be seen] omitted Q. 64-67. my crown ... it is that. contented] 32-35. My crowne . that kings doe And if thou content Q. 68, 69. To go . deposed] 36, 37. deposde Q.

enjoy Well, if
seldome times enioy
for, as ... the king
as... our quondam king
King Edward is] omitted

Q.

allusion here to "My mind kingdom is," an old ballad.

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64. my crown is call'd content] Compare Henry's speech on shepherd's content ("methinks it were a happy life") at II. v. 20-54. Elsewhere in Shakespeare, Henry VIII. 11. iii. 20; and Othello, III. iii. 172-4 may be recalled. And "crown and content are denied association in 2 Henry IV. III. i. 30-31. See Iden's speech in Part II. IV. x. 18: "This small inheritance Contenteth me and worth a monarchy." Compare Kyd's Cornelia, IV. i. 246-248 :

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"He onely lives most happily
That, free and farre from maiestie,
Can liue content."

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To go with us vnto the officer, for 70-96. And we his subjects

And Lodge, Wounds of Civil Warre :If there content be such a pleasant thing

Why leave I country life to live a king?"

(Hazlitt's Dodsley, vii. 187).

69. You are... deposed] This line recalls the famous one in 2 Henry VI. I. iv. 33: "The duke yet lives that Henry shall depose," minus the ambiguity.

76. anointed king] See above, 1. 17, note. This Biblical expression is again additional to Q.

84-89. I blow this feather . . . lightness of you common men] Shakespeare often has this figure: "I am a feather for each wind that blows" (Winter's

And as the air blows it to me again,
Obeying with my wind when I do blow,
And yielding to another when it blows,
Commanded always by the greater gust;
Such is the lightness of you common men.
But do not break your oaths; for of that sin
My mild entreaty shall not make you guilty.
Go where you will, the king shall be commanded;
And be you kings: command, and I'll obey.

First Keep. We are true subjects to the king, King Edward.
K. Hen. So would you be again to Henry,

If he were seated as King Edward is.

First Keep. We charge you, in God's name, and the king's,
To go with us unto the officers.

K. Hen. In God's name, lead; your king's name be obey'd:
And what God will, that let your king perform;
And what he will, I humbly yield unto.

SCENE II.-London. The palace.

85

90

95

100

[Exeunt.

Enter King EDWARD, GLOUCESTER, CLARENCE, and
Lady GREY.

K. Edw. Brother of Gloucester, at Saint Alban's field
This lady's husband, Sir Richard Grey, was slain,

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97, 98. We charge go with. .. officers] 38, 39. And therefore we charge you in Gods name & the kings To go along with us vnto the officers Q. 99-101. In God's name.. yield unto] 40, 41. Gods name be fulfild, your kings name be Obaide, and be you kings, command and Ile obey. Exeunt Omnes.

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SCENE II.

Enter .] Ff; Enter King Edward, Clarence, and Gloster, Montague, Hastings, and the Lady Gray Q. I, 2. Brother slain] 1-3. Brothers of Clarence, and of Glocester, This ladies husband heere Sir Richard Gray, At the battaile of saint Albones did lose his life Q.

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on hunting in the forest of Wychwood besyde stonny stratford, came for his recreacion to the mannor of Grafton, where the duches of Bedford soiorned, then wyfe to Syr Richard Woduile, lord Ryuers, on whom then was attendyng a doughter of hers, called dame Elizabeth Greye, wydow of syr Ihon Grey knight, slaine at the last battell of saincte Albons, by the power of Kyng Edward. This wydow hauyng a suite to ye kyng" (continued at "too good to be your concubine," 1. 93, below). The death of Ihon Grey,

His lands then seiz'd on by the conqueror:
Her suit is now to repossess those lands;
Which we in justice cannot well deny,
Because in quarrel of the house of York
The worthy gentleman did lose his life.

Glou. Your highness shall do well to grant her suit;
It were dishonour to deny it her.

K. Edw. It were no less; but yet I'll make a pause.
Glou. [Aside to Clar.] Yea; is it so?

I see the lady hath a thing to grant,

Before the king will grant her humble suit.

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Clar. [Aside to Glou.] He knows the game: how true he

keeps the wind!

Glou. [Aside to Clar.] Silence!

K. Edw. Widow, we will consider of your suit;

And come some other time to know our mind. L. Grey. Right gracious lord, I cannot brook delay: May it please your highness to resolve me now, And what your pleasure is shall satisfy me.

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3, 4. His lands . . . lands] 4, 5. His lands then were .. lands Q. Which we . Because in ... The worthy life] 6-8. And sith in. The noble life, In honor we cannot denie her sute Q. 8, 9. Your her] 9. Your it then Q (9 omitted). 10. It ... so I will, but pause Q. 11-13. Glou. Yea ...

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II. Yea; is it so?] "is the winde in that doore?" (Q) is very properly omitted, being a confusion of metaphors. It is a very old expression, occurring in Heywood's Proverbs (ed. Sharman, p. 118), 1546; in Udall's Erasmus (Roberts' rept. p. 318), 1542; in Gascoigne, The Supposes, 1566, etc. And see 1 Henry IV. 111. iii. 102.

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knighted the same day, at Colney, is in Hall, p. 252. Malone pointed out the falsification of history in the words, quarrel of the house of York." Grey fell on the side of King Henry, and his lands were seized, not by the conqueror (Queen Margaret) but by Edward after Towton. This is truly stated in Richard III. 1. ii.: “You and your husband Gray were factious for 14. game wind] The the house of Lancaster," and "In Mar- parison is to a dog in pursuit of his garet's battle at Saint Albans slain." prey. "Wind" is scent. See Hamlet, Malone may be right, but it is not III. ii. 362. King Edward bore this easy to follow the chronicles. Henry character. Polydore Vergil says: "for made knights of thirty foes, in obedience as muche as the King was a man who to Margaret on that occasion. See wold readyly cast an eye uppon young above, II. ii. 59. But also the dates ladyes, and loove them inordinately" are astray. (Camden Soc. rept., Three Books, etc., p. 117).

4. repossess] Only in 3 Henry VI, See note at III. iii. 2-16 below.

Glou. [Aside to Clar.] Ay, widow? then I'll warrant you all your lands,

An if what pleases him shall pleasure you.

Fight closer, or, good faith, you'll catch a blow.

Clar. [Aside to Glou.] I fear her not, unless she chance to fall. Glou. [Aside to Clar.] God forbid that! for he'll take vantages.

25

K. Edw. How many children hast thou, widow? tell me.
Clar. [Aside to Glou.] I think he means to beg a child of her.
Glou. [Aside to Clar.] Nay, whip me then; he'll rather give

her two.

L. Grey. Three, my most gracious lord.

Glou. [Aside to Clar.] You shall have four, if you'll be

ruled by him.

K. Edw. 'Twere pity they should lose their father's lands.
L. Grey. Be pitiful, dread lord, and grant it then.

30

K. Edw. Lords, give us leave; I'll try this widow's wit. Glou. [Aside to Clar.] Ay, good leave have you; for you will have leave,

Till youth take leave and leave you to the crutch.

35

[Glou, and Clar, retire.

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21-23. Ay, widow? blow] 33-36. Naie then widow Ile warrant you all your Husbands lands, if you grant to do what he Commands. Fight close or in good faith, You catch a clap Q. 24, 25. I fear she... fall.. for vantages] 37, 38. Naie I feare. she fall. Glo. Marie. godsforbot man, for vantage then Q. 26-30. How many. of her. be ruled by him] 22-26. Come hither widdow, how many children haste thou? on her and you wil be rulde by him Q. dread. it then] 27, 28. Were it not pittie .

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23. Fight closer] Must be taken devoid of the literal sense of "close," i.e., near. Fight, or resist better. Compare "close fighting" (in serious conflict) (Romeo and Juliet, 1. i. 118).

23. catch a blow] come to disgrace. "Catch a clap" (Q) came to be used expressly of women being "in trouble." Hawes has it in a proper context :

"My hearte was in a trap

By Venus caught, and wyth so sore a clap (Pastime of Pleasure, rept. p. 64, 1500). Nashe has it more generally:"Martin, your mast(er) alas hath caught a clap,

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And is like to fall " (Martins Months Minde, Grosart, i. 197). Peele gives an example of the vulgar use (meant here) in Sir Clyomon

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you 'll 31, 32. 'Twere pity then dread it them Q. the crutch] 18-21. Lords you. Glou. For you your crouch Q. (516, a): "But may say to you, my neighbour Hodge's maid had a clap,well, let them laugh that win!"

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25. God forbid] The old "Godsforbot" (Q) does not occur elsewhere in Shakespeare. It was formerly very common, and is found in Golding's Ovid (xiii. 891). It is used by Nashe (Have with you, etc.), and by Nicholas Breton (several times) in Shakespeare's time. Generally with the sense of something wholly anathema-beyond God's forbod.

28. whip me then] Compare Othello, 1. i. 49 and v. ii. 277. And Pericles, IV. ii. gr. When the whip was in its glory it gave rise to several expressions now forgotten.

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