« IndietroContinua »
W O R K S
WILLIAM WARBURTON, D.D.
LORD BISHOP OF GLOUCESTER.
A NEW EDITION,
IN TWELVE VOLUMES.
TO WHICH IS PREFIXED
A DISCOURSE BY WAY OF GENERAL PREFACE;
SOME ACCOUNT OF THE LIFE, WRITINGS, AND CHARACTER
OF THE AUTHOR;
LORD BISHOP OF WORCESTER.
VOLUME THE THIRD.
Printed by Luke Hansard & Sons, near Lincoln's-Inn Fields,
THE DIVINE LEGATION.
BOOK III. PROVES THE NECESSITY OF THE DOCTRINE OF A FUTURE
STATE TO SOCIETY, FROM THE OPINION AND CONDUCT OF THE ANCIENT SAGES AND PHILOSOPHERS
p. 1 SECT. I. Testimonies of ancient sages and philosophers,
concerning the necessity of the doctrine of a future state to civil society
pp. 1-12 SECT. II, That none of the ancient philosophers believed
the doctrine of a future state of rewards and punishments, though, on account of its confessed necessity to the support of religion, and consequently of civil society, all the theistical philosophers sedulously taught it to the people. The several senses in which the Ancients conceived the permanency of the human soul explained. Several general reasons premised, to shew that the ancient philosophers did not always believe what they taught, and that they taught the doctrine of a future state of rewards and punishments without believing it: Where the principles that induced the ancient sages to make it Jawful to deceive for public good, in matters of religion, are explained, whereby they are seen to be such as had no place in the propagation or genius of the Jewish and Christian religions. In the course of this enquiry, the rise, progress, perfection, decline, and genius of the ancient Greek philosophy, under its several divisions, are considered and explained
pp.12-44 SECT. III. Enters on a particular enquiry into the senti
ments of each sect of philosophy on this point. The division and succession of their schools. The character of Socrates; and of the new and old Academy. The character and genius of cach sect of the grand Quaternion of theistic philosophy, the Pythagoric, the Platonic, the Peripatetic, and the Stoic: shewing that not one of these believed the doctrine of a future state of rewards and punishments. The character of Tully, and his sentiments