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1. An HISTORICAL Essay on the danger of parting

Faith and Works.

II. Salvation by the covenant of grace, A DISCOURSE

freached in the parish church of Madeley, April

18, and May 9, 1773.
III. A SCRIPTURAL ESSAY on the astonishing re-

wardableness of works, according to the covenant

of grace.

IV. An ESSAY ON TRUTH, Or, A rational Vindica.

tion of the doctrine of salvation by Faith, with a
dedicatory Epiflo to the Right Hon, the Countess
of Huntingdon.

The armour of righteousness on tbe right band, and on the left,

2 Cor. vi. 7.

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Printed by J. EDDOWES : and sold at the Foundery, and by

J. BUCKLAND, in Pater-nofter-Row, London ; by T, MILLS
in Bath ; and S. Aris in Birmingham, 1774.

[ Price Two Shillings. ]

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The Second Part of an Equal Check to Pharisailm

and Antinomianism :




To weigh the gold of gospel-truth :



To reconcile and balance a multitude of opposite

scriptures, to prove the gospel-marriage of Free-
grace and Free-will, and restore primitive harmony
to the

Gospel of the day.

Si non est Dei gratia, quomodo falvat mundum ? Si non eft liberum

arbitrium, quomodo judicat mundum. Aug : Ep. 46.




I. T

1. H E first piece of this Check was designed

for a preface to the Discourse that follows it; but as it swelled far beyond my intention, I prefent it to the Reader under the name of An historical Esay; which makes way for the tracts that follow.

11. With respect to the Discourse, I must mention what engages me to publish it. In 1771 I saw the propositions called the Minutes. Their author invited me to " review the whole affair." I did so; and soon found, that I had “leaned too much towards Calvinism, which, after mature consideration, appeared to me exa&ly to coincide with speculative antinomianism; and the same year I publicly acknowledged my error in these words :

" But whence springs this almost general antiro" mianism of our congregations ? Shall I conceal the “ sore because it fefters in my own breat ? Shall I be

partial ? No: in the name of Him, who is no re

specter of persons, I will confess My fin, and that " of many of my brethren, &c. is not the antino“ mianism of hearers fomented by that of preachers ? " Does it not become us to take the greatest part of " the blame upon ourselves, according to the old " adage, Like priest like people? Is it surprising that * some of us should have an antinomian audience? · Do we not make or keep it so? When did we

preach such a practical sermon, as that of our Lord

on the mount? or write such close Jeuers, as the “ epiftles of St, John?Second Check, p. 64, wil 65, to the end of the paragraph.

When I had thus openly confessed, that I was involved in the guilt of many of my brethren, and that I had fo leaned towards speculative, as not to have made a proper stand again ft practical antinomianism; who could have thought, that one of my most formi


Suntrip 7 March 1930

dabie opponents would have attempted to screen his mistakes, behind some passages of a manuscript fermon, which I preached twelve years ago ; and of which, by some means or other, he has got a copy?

I am very far however from recanting that old difcourse. I still think, the doctrine it contains excellent in the main, and very proper to be enforced [tho’in a more guarded manner) in a congregation of hearers violently prejudiced againft the first gospel-axiom. Therefore, out of regard for the grand, leading truth of chriftianity, and in compliance with Mr. #1---ll's Barneft intreaty. [Fin. Stroke, p. 45,] I send my fermon into the world, upon the following reasonable conditions: (1) That I Mall be allowed to publish it, as I preached it a year ago in my church ; namely, with additions in brackets, to make it at once a fuller check to pharisaism, and a finishing check to antinomianism : (2) That the largelt addition fall be in favour of free grace: (3) That no body shall accuse me of forgery, for thus adding my present light to that which I had formerly ; and for thus bringing out of my little treasure of experience things new and old : (4) That the press Thall not groan with the charge of difingeRuity, if I throw into notes fome unguarded expresfions, which I formerly used without fcruple, and which my more enlightened conscience does not suffer me to use at present : (5) That my opponent's call to print my fermon, will procure me the pardon of the public, for presenting them with a plain, blunt discourse, composed for an audience chiefly made up of colliers and ruftics : And lastly, that as I understand english a little better than I did twelve years ago, I hall be permitted to rectify a few french idioms, ivnich I find in my old manuscript ; and to connect my thoughts a little more like an Englishman, where I can do it without the least misrepresentation of the sense,

If these conditions appear unreasonable to those, who will have heaven itfelf without any condition, I' abolish the distinction between my old fermon, and the additions that guard or strengthen it; and refer

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