Arabs in History
OUP Oxford, 14 mar 2002 - 240 pagine
Now brought completely up to date, this classic study by one of the world's premier historians of the Middle East considers the achievement of the Arab peoples and their place in world history, from pre-Islamic times to the present-day. In a concise and readable account, Lewis examines the awakening that accompanied the advent of Islam and the political, religious, and social developments that transformed the Arab kingdom into an Islamic empire. He brings the edition up-to-the-minute with an account of recent events in the Middle East and analyzes the forces, internal and external, that have shaped the modern Arab world. Lewis shows how Western inventions and institutions have shattered the old structures and the traditional way of life, affecting every Arab, and causing a still unsatisfied demand for social, political, and cultural renewal.
Incisive and intriguing, this highly regarded and timely work--previously translated into Arabic, as well as many other European, Asian, and Middle Eastern languages--is sure to advance a greater understanding of the Arab past and present.
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1 Arabia Before Islam
2 Muhammad and the Rise of Islam
3 The Age of the Conquests
4 The Arab Kingdom
5 The Islamic Empire
6 The Revolt of Islam
7 The Arabs in Europe
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Abbāsid Abbāsid Caliphs Abū Bakr Abū Muslim al-Ma'mun Arab world Arabic-speaking army authority Baghdad Basra became Bedouin Berber brought Buwayhids Byzantine Cairo Caliph capital capture Carmathian central centre Christian civilization conquered conquest countries Crusaders culture death defeat desert developed Dhimmis dominant dynasty early eastern economic Egypt Egyptian established Europe European Fātimid Fātimid Caliphate forces Greek historians Imām important independent influence invaders Iran Iranian Iraq Ismā'īlī Jewish Jews Khurāsān kingdom known land language later mainly Mamluk Mawāli Mecca medieval Medina Medinese Mediterranean ment merchants Middle East military Mongol movement Mu'awiya Muhammad Muslim nomads North Africa organized Ottoman Palestine peninsula period Persian political population pre-Islamic Prophet provinces Qur’ān Quraysh regime religion religious remained revolt rule rulers Sasanid sect Seljuq Shūrā slaves social southern Arabia Spain Syria tenth century tion town trade tradition tribal Turkish Turks Umar Umayyad Uthmān victory West Western Yemen